2011 Draft

Projected 2011 Draft Order

As we move towards the end of the 2010 season and teams face the reality of another season  of success or lack thereof, teams and their fans are already looking at 2011 with anticipation. There is already much speculation about rosters and starting rotations. In addition, teams have seen the first year results of  many of their 2010 draft choices and begin to evaluate organizational needs and depth at specific positions. With that in mind, we can look at the proposed 2011 draft order based on standings after the current day's play and prior to any free agent signings in the offseason.

Projected 2011 Draft

There is already lots of information about prospects eligible for the 2011 draft on the internet and one great site I found that already has a mock 2011 draft.

How the Draft Works

Major League Baseball's draft, known officially as the "first-year player draft," is held every June, with clubs take turns selecting players in reverse order of their win-loss percentage from the previous season, regardless of league.

The draft will last 50 rounds, but it could theoretically be shorter. Each club is allowed to select for 50 rounds but is not required to do so. In recent years, just a few clubs have dropped out before the end of the 50th round.

Teams have five minutes to make selections in the first round  for television purposes. After that, the picks will move in rapid succession. A team continues drafting players until it passes or the draft ends. The scout responsible for a player's selection will generally contact the player by phone immediately after the selection. No team may draft a player unless the player's name is registered with the commissioner's office.
The team that selects a player has the sole negotiating rights to the player and must submit a written minor league contract within 15 days of selection. Failure to do so no longer makes players free agents, however. The rule was changed after the 1996 free-agent fiasco, when several players took advantage of a loophole to become free agents and sign for much larger deals.
All draft picks must sign by Aug. 15, or they go back into the draft pool. Prior to 2007, players who went to junior college or simply did not return to school were eligible to sign with the team that drafted them until a week before the next year's draft. Teams get extra picks through free-agent compensation or for failure to sign draft picks from previous drafts.
If a team doesn't sign a pick in the first or second round, it gets a pick in essentially the same slot in the next draft. Previously, unsigned first-rounders merited a pick at the end of the supplemental first round. Unsigned picks beyond that draw no compensation. Unsigned third-round picks will merit a supplemental pick between the third and fourth rounds next year. The hope from MLB's perspective is that teams will be more willing to walk away from a draft pick (and high bonus) if they know they will get an equivalent pick the next year.
Player Draft Eligibility
Major league Rule 4 governs which players are eligible for the draft. These rules are detailed, but the basic criteria are as follows:
A player is eligible for selection if he is a resident of the United States or Canada and has never signed a major league or minor league contract. (Contracts with independent professional leagues don't count.)
Residents of Puerto Rico and other territories of the United States are also eligible for the draft. Also considered are players who enroll in a high school or college in the United States, regardless of where they are from originally.
The basic categories of players eligible to be drafted are:
• High school players, if they have graduated from high school and have not yet attended college or junior college;
• College players (from four-year colleges) who have either completed their junior or senior years or are at least 21 years old. College players who have dropped out of school can apply for the draft by writing the commissioner's office no later than March 20;
• Junior college players, regardless of how many years of school they have completed;
• Anyone who is 21 within 45 days of the draft date.
A player who is drafted and does not sign with the club that selected him may be drafted again in a future draft, whenever he meets the eligibility requirements. A club may not select a player again in a subsequent year unless the player consents to it in writing.
A player who is eligible for the draft and is passed over by every club becomes a free agent and may sign with any club, until one week before the next draft or until the player enters or returns to a four-year college, or returns to a junior college.
The top 200 draft prospects are required to take drug tests. Teams are to be notified of players who test positive for performance-enhancing or illegal drugs, though the positive test carries no punishment. Players who refuse to take a test, however, will be ruled ineligible for the draft.

The Deadline For Signing Draft Picks
•The deadline is typically 11:59pm on August 15th.

•The deadline doesn't apply to college seniors, which is how Josh Fields signed with the Mariners in February of 2009. It doesn't apply to players drafted out of independent leagues or those who don't play college baseball again between two drafts.

Here's what happens to players who don't sign:
•High schoolers who enroll in a four-year college program after being drafted aren't eligible again until after their junior year of college or their 21st birthday.
•Drafted players who go on to attend junior college are again eligible after their freshman and sophomore years.

•College juniors who don't sign are available in the next draft.

•Players can't be drafted by the same team twice in a row unless they give permission